Problems with this gland is, every third inhabitant of our planet. A failure in its work leads to failure of the whole organism.
The thyroid gland is a small organ, but extremely important – governs all exchanges of substances, as well as the cardiovascular and nervous system, physical and mental development.
If it crashes, it will certainly affect the well-being and the whole organism. World Day of thyroid mark since 2009 on the initiative of the European Association of the thyroid, this initiative was supported by the medical community in all continents with an ulterior motive: thyroid problems is present in every third inhabitant of the planet, and the women they meet ten times more often than men.
According to statistics from the World Health Organization among endocrine diseases of the thyroid gland pathology it takes the first place. In Ukraine, the share of thyroid diseases account for 44.8% of all endocrine diseases. Doctors say that in recent years there has been a steady increase in incidence.
Suddenly you lose weight? It thyroid. Getting fat from the air?
The thyroid gland is a butterfly resembles a small, so you can often hear about her problems as “diseases of the butterfly.” Gland produces the hormone is only three, but it is extremely important hormone – thyroxine, triiodothyronine and tireokaltsiotonin.
They help to process and digest all of the nutrients entering the body, stimulate metabolism, regulate energy and heat production, maturation, significantly affect the nervous system, skeleton and muscles. According to endocrinologist Lyudmila Pilipchuk, thyroid takes over the function of the body guard, and any violation of its work immediately affects all systems.
A “rebel” thyroid can for a lot of reasons: there are genetics, stress, and poor nutrition, and poor environment, as well as a lack of iodine. If a failure occurs, and the thyroid gland produces too much hormone, the doctor diagnoses the patient’s “Ray”, if, on the contrary, it becomes less hormones – “hypothyroidism”.
In hypothyroidism in appearance person becomes sluggish, adynamic, freeze even at normal temperature, it reduces heart rate, pressure, appetite, the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, of the liver. The patient feels weak, quickly overwork may cry for no reason, it may be sleepy during the day and sleep at night. Often fall skills: people at work does not have time to cope with the volume of work that used to be commonplace – the doctor explains.
Lyudmila Pilipchuk says that often a person thinks is a normal state and starts the disease.
– When hyperthyroidism occurs tachycardia, increased pressure, sweating, hair fall out, broken nails, man overexcited, can not sit still, but quickly tired, emotionally – reacts violently to any stimulus, increases metabolism – man eats a lot, he has a good appetite, and at the same time he was very thin. In women, the menstrual cycle failure may occur, and for men potency decrease, – said Pilipchuk.
If you have one or more symptoms should see a doctor and get tested: treatment may take several months, and may become life – it all depends on the degree of disease and individual patient response.
7 symptoms of thyroid problems
Thyroid diseases are dangerous because the irregularities in its work are often disguised as symptoms of other diseases. So an unsuspecting man goes for help to various professionals and spends time getting the wrong diagnosis when to help him get to the root cause of the condition and the appropriate treatment can endocrinologist. Worse, when a person ignores the “first bells” and convinces himself that temporary indisposition, unable to see the whole picture. What should pay attention to?
1. The feeling of discomfort in the neck area
If you feel that you become hard to swallow, your voice is hoarse, and your neck is swollen or has increased, it’s time for the reception to the endocrinologist.
2. Bowel problems
Hormones affect the rate of secretion of digestive juices and the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Hyperthyroidism often leads to diarrhea, and thyroid hormone deficiency may be the cause of constipation.
3. Weight changes
Weight gain occurs even with careful diet and exercise may indicate a low level of thyroid hormones. On the other hand, if the thyroid gland produces more hormones than the body needs them, can be a sudden drop in weight. None of these symptoms do not ignore.
4. Depression and anxiety
Thyroid hormones increase mainly the speed of brain processes, although the possible separation of the reaction. Deficiency of iodine-containing thyroid hormone reduces these functions. In hyperthyroidism the person may seem overly nervous, psychoneurotic discover trends such as a complex of anger, anxiety and paranoid symptoms.
5. Constant tiredness
Tiredness, fatigue, exhaustion, lack of energy during the day is a typical problem for people whose thyroid gland is not working properly. Many of them are not able to survive the day without sleep or rest breaks.
6. Hair loss and changes in the skin
Low hormone levels as a result of thyroid disorders affect the hair growth cycle and cause them loss as the hair becomes dry and brittle. A skin – rough and thick, often scaly.
7. Violations of the menstrual cycle
In women, the deficit of thyroid hormone is often caused by more frequent and too heavy menstruation. Sometimes the number of women deficiency of thyroid hormone causes disruption of the menstrual cycle and even amenorrhea.
Who is at risk?
How much iodine does a person need?
The vast majority of thyroid disease is curable, and in some cases – are preventable. The latter applies diseases caused by iodine deficiency in the diet. Over a lifetime, a person consumes only about 3-5 grams of iodine – no more than a teaspoon.
For adults, the daily need for it, according to World Health Organization standards, – 100-200 mg depending on the age and health status. Teenagers need 100-150 micrograms for children under one year rate – about 50 mg, for children up to six years – 90 micrograms.
Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones and is essential for normal development of the nervous system. The adverse effects of iodine deficiency include the formation of goiter, hypothyroidism, impaired growth and development of children. Furthermore, iodine deficiency increases infant mortality and is the leading cause of mental retardation, the safety of children.